4. Coding and Analysis

Step 4. Coding and Analysis

After meeting with and listening to children and young people, you have probably collected an extensive amount of material to serve as the children's voice – everything from films and collages to recordings. It is important to manage and use this material in the best way possible.

The Ombudsman for Children in Sweden uses a qualitative approach to analysing and interpreting the material.

• Your role is to present the children's voices without adding in your own values and opinions. For this reason, it is important to have quotes from the children. The quotes must be presented as they are and put in context to shine light on a particular issue.

• Start by formulating a number of questions that you can ask as you go through the material: What do you want to learn? We call this the analytical question.

• Code the material and analyse it in order to collect and present the children's stories in the best way possible.

• The goal is to create a text that deals with what the children and young people talked about and how you interpret and understand this.

Bear in mind
It is not possible to generalise the results for all children and young people who have experienced similar situations. They must instead present a picture of how reality might be for children and young people in various situations.